Historical Events - The
Romans in Spain
B.C.: Decline of Hannibal's army in Italy and beginning of the great Roman
conquest of Spain. Rome annexes the country and divides it into two provinces:
Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior.
143 to 139 B.C.: Viriatus and the Lusitanians fight the Roman legions.
133 B.C.: The inhabitants of Numantia prefer to die in the flames of their city rather than
surrender to Roman general Scipio Aemilianus.
27 B.C.: The Romans pacify the Peninsula once and for all and divide it
into three provinces: Tarraconense, Baetica and Lusitania. The Roman presence
in Hispania lasted for seven centuries and left a legacy of social and cultural
characters such as the family, language, religion, law and municipal government,
all of which placed the Peninsula within the Greco-Latin and later the Judeo-Christian
98 A.D.: Beginning of rule of Trajan, the first Roman emperor of Spanish
264 A.D.: Franks and suevi invade the country and temporarily occupy Tarragona.
411 A.D.: The Barbarian tribes sign an alliance with Rome, which enables them to establish
military colonies within the Empire.
568-586.: The Visigoth king Leovigild expels the imperial civil servants
and attempts to unify the Peninsula. The end of the Roman empire in Spain.